Journal Article

Syntactical Aspects of Negation in Syriac*

Na'ama Pat-El

in Journal of Semitic Studies

Published on behalf of University of Manchester

Volume 51, issue 2, pages 329-348
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0022-4480
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1477-8556 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jss/fgl006
Syntactical Aspects of Negation in Syriac*

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This paper aims to present an analysis of the system of negation in Early Classical Syriac. According to the analysis suggested here, Syriac uses different negation morphemes for different types of predicates and for different types of syntactical structures. The morpheme lā negates predicates whose person component is inside them, called inherent predicates. The morpheme lā hwā negates predicates which need an external mark of person in order to constitute nexus (the connection between the subject and the predicate), called non-inherent predicates. The morphemes lā hwā and law form negative cleft sentences in sentences with both predicates. The position of 'īt and its negations in this system will also be discussed. The system of negation morphemes and syntagms will be shown to exhibit clearly the differences between the two types of predicates, much more than their affirmative counterparts.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Middle Eastern History ; Middle Eastern Languages ; Literary Studies - World ; Biblical Studies

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