Journal Article

The <i>Arabidopsis 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase-2</i> (<i>kat2-1</i>) mutant exhibits increased flowering but reduced reproductive success

Steven Footitt, Johanna E. Cornah, Itsara Pracharoenwattana, James H. Bryce and Steven M. Smith

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 58, issue 11, pages 2959-2968
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online August 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm146
The Arabidopsis 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase-2 (kat2-1) mutant exhibits increased flowering but reduced reproductive success

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The enzyme 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (KAT) (EC 2.3.1.16) catalyses a key step in fatty acid β-oxidation. In Arabidopsis thaliana, expression of the KAT2 gene is known to be required for the efficient mobilization of triacylglycerol during germination and seedling establishment. Here, data from the Arabidopsis kat2-1 mutant are presented, showing that perturbation of β-oxidation also affects vegetative growth and reproductive success. In the wild type, the KAT2 protein was detected in all organs tested. In the kat2-1 mutant, rosette leaf area and dry weight, but not leaf number, were greatly increased relative to wild type. Global proliferative arrest of flowering was delayed, resulting in increased silique production in kat2-1 plants. However, total silique dry weight was not increased. kat2-1 siliques were smaller and had a reduced seed number caused by increased ovule abortion. In kat2-1 ovules, carbon flow into sugars via gluconeogeneis and respiration were both reduced in comparison to the wild type. In conclusion, these data indicate that a functional β-oxidation pathway is required to maintain the balance between silique development and the continued initiation of floral meristems.

Keywords: Arabidopsis; beta-oxidation; embryogenesis; flowering; lipid mobilization; peroxisome; respiration

Journal Article.  4900 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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