Journal Article

Drought effect on nitrate reductase and sucrose-phosphate synthase activities in wheat (<i>Triticum durum</i> L.): role of leaf internal CO<sub>2</sub>

Chantal Fresneau, Jaleh Ghashghaie and Gabriel Cornic

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 58, issue 11, pages 2983-2992
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online August 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm150
Drought effect on nitrate reductase and sucrose-phosphate synthase activities in wheat (Triticum durum L.): role of leaf internal CO2

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In order to study the impact of a decline of leaf internal CO2 molar ratio on nitrate reductase (NR) and sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) activities, leaves of wheat (Triticum durum) were submitted to different treatments: slow or rapid dehydration and decline in ambient CO2 concentration and abscisic acid (ABA) supply. In agreement with the literature, NR activity of slowly dehydrated leaves was inhibited by about 50% when net CO2 assimilation (An) decreased by 45%. NR activity of stressed leaves kept 4 h in air containing 5% CO2 or after 2 d of re-watering was only partially restored. NR activity was slightly dependent on ambient CO2 molar ratio, declining by 30% when non-stressed leaves were kept in CO2-free air for 4 h. The decline of NR activity after ABA supply (through the transpiration stream) and after rapid dehydration of non-stressed leaves was comparable with the decrease observed under low CO2 treatment. Overall, these data suggest that a drought-induced decrease of the leaf internal CO2 concentration is only part of the signal triggering the decline of NR activity. In disagreement with most of the literature, SPS activity increased during slow dehydration, being stimulated by 30% when An declined by 40%. SPS activity of stressed leaves kept 4 h in air containing 5% CO2 or 2 d after re-watering was slightly increased or unchanged, respectively. By contrast to NR activity, SPS activity of well-hydrated leaves was hardly affected by low CO2. Increased SPS activity was mimicked, in non-stressed leaves, by a rapid dehydration within 4 h and by ABA fed through the transpiration stream. In durum wheat, the increase in SPS activity could be linked to ABA-based signalling during a drought stress.

Keywords: Abscisic acid; CO2 assimilation; drought; nitrate reductase; sucrose-phosphate synthase; Triticum durum

Journal Article.  6964 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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