Journal Article

<i>Arabidopsis</i> dynamin-like protein DRP1A: a null mutant with widespread defects in endocytosis, cellulose synthesis, cytokinesis, and cell expansion

David A. Collings, Leigh K. Gebbie, Paul A. Howles, Ursula A. Hurley, Rosemary J. Birch, Ann H. Cork, Charles H. Hocart, Tony Arioli and Richard E. Williamson

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 59, issue 2, pages 361-376
Published in print February 2008 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm324

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Dynamin-related proteins are large GTPases that deform and cause fission of membranes. The DRP1 family of Arabidopsis thaliana has five members of which DRP1A, DRP1C, and DRP1E are widely expressed. Likely functions of DRP1A were identified by studying rsw9, a null mutant of the Columbia ecotype that grows continuously but with altered morphology. Mutant roots and hypocotyls are short and swollen, features plausibly originating in their cellulose-deficient walls. The reduction in cellulose is specific since non-cellulosic polysaccharides in rsw9 have more arabinose, xylose, and galactose than those in wild type. Cell plates in rsw9 roots lack DRP1A but still retain DRP1E. Abnormally placed and often incomplete cell walls are preceded by abnormally curved cell plates. Notwithstanding these division abnormalities, roots and stems add new cells at wild-type rates and organ elongation slows because rsw9 cells do not grow as long as wild-type cells. Absence of DRP1A reduces endocytotic uptake of FM4-64 into the cytoplasm of root cells and the hypersensitivity of elongation and radial swelling in rsw9 to the trafficking inhibitor monensin suggests that impaired endocytosis may contribute to the development of shorter fatter roots, probably by reducing cellulose synthesis.

Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; cell wall; cellulose synthesis; cytokinesis; DRP1A; dynamin-related protein; endocytosis; FM4-64; non-cellulosic polysaccharides; radial swelling mutant

Journal Article.  9334 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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