Journal Article

Grape berry plasma membrane proteome analysis and its differential expression during ripening

Jiangwei Zhang, Huiqin Ma, Jidong Feng, Lei Zeng, Zeng Wang and Shangwu Chen

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 59, issue 11, pages 2979-2990
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern156
Grape berry plasma membrane proteome analysis and its differential expression during ripening

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High purity berry plasma membranes (PMs) of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon were isolated by two-phase partitioning of microsome fractions at different stages of berry ripening. PM proteins resolvable by the detergent cocktail of CHAPS and ASB-14 were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. A total of 119 protein spots from pre-véraison berry PMs on 2-D gels detected with silver staining were subjected to MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry analysis. Sixty-two spots were identified as putative PM proteins, with 1–6 predicted transmembrane helices, including true PM proteins such as ATP synthase, ABC transporters, and GTP-binding proteins reported in plants. They were then grouped into eight functional categories, mainly involved in transport, metabolism, signal transduction, and protein synthesis. Another 11 spots were identified as proteins of unknown function. The véraison and post-véraison samples stained 98 and 86 spots on the gels, respectively. During the berry ripening process, total PM protein content gradually decreased. Among all identified proteins, 12 showed significant differences in terms of their relative abundance. Increasing ubiquitin proteolysis and cytoskeleton proteins were observed from pre-véraison to post-véraison. Zeatin O-glucosyltransferase peaked at véraison, while ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2-21 was down-regulated at this stage. This proteome research provides the first information on PM protein characterization during the grape berry ripening process.

Keywords: Grape berry; MALDI-TOF-MS; plasma membrane; proteomics; two-dimensional electrophoresis

Journal Article.  6086 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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