From the Congress of Vienna To the Paris Peace Treaties of 1919

Miloš Vec

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199599752
Published online December 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Law

From the Congress of Vienna To the Paris Peace Treaties of 1919

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This chapter suggests that Europe was a political and legal community with much ambivalence, many tensions, and a lot of common interests during the 19th century. It notes how hard it is to combine internationalism, imperialism, and law in the period of the so-called first globalization. International law and its makers had the lion’s share of this process. On the one hand, law expanded and favoured a juridification of international relations; yet simultaneously, some doctrines discriminated against particular actors structurally. Legal history can contribute to the awareness that the self-perception of 19th-century international lawyers is not always accurate: the assumption of a general process of positivism cannot be maintained; progress and peace were ideologies; and normative expansion and juridification of international relations were complex movements which made their way towards our modernity.

Keywords: international law doctrine; 19th-century Europe; globalization; imperialism; legal history

Article.  10766 words. 

Subjects: Law ; History of Law ; International Law

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