Journal Article

The Socioeconomic Status of Women and Children in Japan: Comparisons with The USA

Hiromi Ono

in International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family

Volume 24, issue 2, pages 151-176
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 1360-9939
Published online April 2010 | e-ISSN: 1464-3707 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/lawfam/ebq002
The Socioeconomic Status of Women and Children in Japan: Comparisons with The USA

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The context surrounding the poor economic situation of divorced Japanese women, who are the primary recipients of welfare support for single mothers in Japan, is not well understood. An analysis of the Japanese General Social Survey and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics reveal that divorced Japanese women experience a number of labour market and non-market constraints, including (i) earnings level similar to that of married women despite their higher likelihood of being a full-time worker, (ii) a lower likelihood of living with parents than never married and married women, and (iii) the less active remarriage market in Japan than the market in the USA. Children structure additional constraints for divorced Japanese women, such as even lower remarriage likelihoods than divorced Japanese women without children. Policy implications are discussed.

Journal Article.  8741 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Family Law ; Marriage and the Family

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