Journal Article

The EU and International Adoption from Romania

Ingi Iusmen

in International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family

Volume 27, issue 1, pages 1-27
Published in print April 2013 | ISSN: 1360-9939
Published online February 2013 | e-ISSN: 1464-3707 | DOI:
The EU and International Adoption from Romania

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  • Family Law
  • Marriage and the Family


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The European Union (EU) has applied an anti-inter-country adoption (ICA) policy in Romania as part of EU accession conditionality, while after 2007 the EU promoted a pro-ICA approach. Romania had to overhaul its child protection system and ban ICA before it could become an EU member, while its current legislation maintains the ban on ICA. However, since 2007 the EU has been demanding that Romanian authorities resume ICA from Romania. This article examines the factors and processes which shaped the EU’s ‘chameleonic’ policy on ICA in relation to Romania. The child protection system in Romania still faces significant shortcomings. However, it is shown that the EU’s embrace of a pro-ICA policy after 2007 does not constitute a response to the problems faced by child protection in Romania. On the contrary, the EU’s plea for the liberalization of ICA from Romania is the outcome of a combination of endogenous factors, such as the EU’s own embrace of a children’s rights policy and its biased interpretation of key international instruments on ICA and child rights, and exogenous factors, such as adoption lobbies, which succeeded in getting their grievances onto the agenda of EU institutions.

Journal Article.  11505 words. 

Subjects: Family Law ; Marriage and the Family

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