Journal Article

‘Vain are the thousand creeds’: <i>Wuthering Heights</i>, the Bible and Liberal Protestantism

Simon Marsden

in Literature and Theology

Volume 20, issue 3, pages 236-250
Published in print September 2006 | ISSN: 0269-1205
Published online June 2006 | e-ISSN: 1477-4623 | DOI:
‘Vain are the thousand creeds’: Wuthering Heights, the Bible and Liberal Protestantism

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This essay reconsiders Emily Brontë's place within the theological history of the early nineteenth century. I argue that there is a complex system of biblical hermeneutics embedded within the narrative of Wuthering Heights. In the first part of the essay, I locate Brontë within the key theological and denominational contexts of her family life. In the second part, I offer a comparative reading of Wuthering Heights and Friedrich Schleiermacher's The Christian Faith and argue that Brontë's use of the Bible is founded upon a liberal hermeneutics that privileges personal, intuitive experience of the divine over traditional canonical authority.

Journal Article.  6598 words. 

Subjects: Literature ; Religion and Art, Literature, and Music

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