Chapter

Basal ganglia calcification

Ivan Donaldson, C. David Marsden, Susanne A. Schneider and Kailash P. Bhatia

in Marsden's Book of Movement Disorders

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192619112
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199698103 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780192619112.003.0536
Basal ganglia calcification

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Calcification in the brain occurs in various tumours, infarcts, haematomas, arteriovenous malformations, hamartomas, tuberous sclerosis, Sturge–Weber syndrome, cysticercosis, toxoplasma and cytomegalic inclusion disease, tuberculomas, etc. Such focal calcification in sites of brain injury (metastatic calcification) is not the subject of this chapter. Nor do we consider microscopic calcification in the brain. We are concerned with macroscopic calcification in the basal ganglia.

We will first discuss incidental basal ganglia calcification. Then we will describe the various pathological causes of striatopallido-dentate calcifi cation. Finally, we will put forward a scheme for investigation of pathological basal ganglia calcification.

Chapter.  9468 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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