Minor Anomalies/Normal Variations

Lewis B. Holmes

in Common Malformations

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780195136029
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199975167 | DOI:
Minor Anomalies/Normal Variations

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  • Clinical Genetics
  • Neonatology


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This chapter covers minor anomalies and normal variations. Most infants with one or more minor physical features are healthy. The challenge for a busy clinician is to recognize the infant who is “dysmorphic” and could have a significant multiple anomaly syndrome. This chapter looks at the association of minor anomalies with major medical problems, and associations with major malformations, mental deficiency or illness, hyperactive behavior, autism, schizophrenia, low birth weight, stillbirth, twinning and malignancy. It also addresses the limitations of using minor anomalities in research studies before looking at specific minor physical features affecting the various parts of the body.

Chapter.  13648 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Genetics ; Neonatology

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