Advances in cardiac surgery have improved long-term outcome in patients with coronary and valvular disease, but some of the gains have been counterbalanced by damage to the brain. It has been known for many years that use of cardiopulmonary bypass in either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve replacement surgery increases the risk for neurologic complications. 1–4 This chapter reviews the most important neurologic complications of coronary artery and valve repair in patients recovering in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit (ICU).
Chapter. 11693 words. Illustrated.
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