Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Katherine Gotham, Somer L. Bishop and Catherine Lord

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195371826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965212 | DOI:
Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders

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  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience


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This chapter provides an overview of the history of autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) classification, including criteria for and presentation of each of the pervasive developmental disorders, participant characteristics that affect diagnosis, instruments and methods for assessing ASD, innovative uses for the diagnostic measures, and diagnostic issues often overlooked in research. Standardized diagnostic criteria and “best practice” assessment measures have been associated with more comparable research findings and the ability to reliably describe younger and milder cases of autism spectrum disorders. Current research is underway to explore the relationship between participant characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, cognitive and language abilities, and comorbid disorders with specific ASD symptoms and severity.

Chapter.  12141 words. 

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; Neurology ; Neuroscience

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