Chapter

Autism as a Developmental Neurobiological Disorder: New Insights from Functional Neuroimaging

Nancy J. Minshew, K. Suzanne Scherf, Marlene Behrmann and Katherine Humphreys

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195371826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965212 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195371826.003.0041
Autism as a Developmental Neurobiological Disorder: New Insights from Functional Neuroimaging

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter calls for a paradigm shift in the study of autism in order to address the most pressing questions about how genetic and developmental neurobiological findings can be integrated with findings about the characterization of the behavioral syndrome. The chapter is organized as follows. First, it provides a brief review of the current “neurobehavioral” theories of autism. Second, it challenges these theories by reviewing current evidence, particularly from longitudinal studies of infants at high risk for developing autism, which challenges the notion of a single causative behavioral or cognitive feature of the syndrome or even a cluster of core causative behavioral or cognitive features. Third, it proposes that research on autism spectrum disorders would benefit from taking the perspective that autism is a developmental neurobiological disorder, rather than a behavioral or single systems disorder. Finally, it describes a program of research in the domain of visual processing that illustrates the strength of this interdisciplinary approach to uncover novel relations between the behavioral and brain bases of autism, and that supports the claim that disruptions to neural connectivity are a fundamental contributing factor to the etiology of autism.

Chapter.  15717 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; Neurology ; Neuroscience

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.