Chapter

Relationship-Based Early Intervention Approach to Autistic Spectrum Disorders: The Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-Based Model (The DIR Model)

Stanley I. Greenspan and Serena Wieder

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195371826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965212 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195371826.003.0068
Relationship-Based Early Intervention Approach to Autistic Spectrum Disorders: The Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-Based Model (The DIR Model)

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  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Relationship-based approaches are part of a broader category of developmental approaches that help children with autistic spectrum disorders and related special needs conditions. Based on a modern understanding of human development, these approaches recognize the importance of relationships; interactions with primary caregivers, therapists, and peers; and individual differences in infants' and children's ability to process sensations and plan actions. This chapter describes the Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based Floortime Model (DIR Model), which systematizes an understanding of the child and his family and culture, including diagnostic profiles. It also presents studies that support the DIR Model and other related research findings.

Chapter.  9760 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; Neurology ; Neuroscience

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