Chapter

Autism Spectrum Disorders: Identification and Implications of Associated Medical Conditions

Margaret L. Bauman

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195371826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965212 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195371826.003.0078
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Identification and Implications of Associated Medical Conditions

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  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Children, adolescents, and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have medically relevant health-care issues that may go undetected because of atypical symptom presentation, the inability of the patient to describe or localize discomfort, and often behavioral issues that can make physical examination challenging. However, many of these medical conditions are treatable and, when identified and treated, may improve quality of life for the patient and his/her family and may broaden our understanding of the phenotypic expression of ASDs, leading ultimately to a better defined genotypic subtyping of individuals on the spectrum. This chapter discusses the following associated medical disorders: pain and discomfort, seizure disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, sleep disorders, metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, obesity, hearing impairment, and gynecological dysfunction in adolescence.

Chapter.  8550 words. 

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; Neurology ; Neuroscience

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