Benign Essential Blepharospasm

Matthew J. Thurtell, Robert L. Tomsak and Robert B. Daroff

in Neuro-Ophthalmology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780195390841
Published online April 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322893 | DOI:

Series: What Do I Do Now

Benign Essential Blepharospasm

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Blepharospasm is an involuntary closure of the eyes that is caused by spasm of the orbicularis oculi. It can be isolated or associated with certain ophthalmic and neurologic disorders. We review the approach to the patient with blepharospasm in this chapter, with emphasis on treatment strategies.

Chapter.  938 words. 

Subjects: Neurology

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