Chapter

Physiology of the Cerebrospinal and Interstitial Fluids

Gary A. Rosenberg

in Molecular Physiology and Metabolism of the Nervous System

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780195394276
Published online April 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322831 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195394276.003.0002

Series: Contemporary Neurology Series

Physiology of the Cerebrospinal and Interstitial Fluids

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Lumbar puncture for measurement of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and analysis of the fluid is one of the most commonly employed diagnostic tests in neurology. Measurement of intracranial pressure and examination of the protein and cellular content of the fluids provide invaluable information for diagnosis of serious diseases, such as brain infection, increased intracranial pressure, multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. When removal of CSF is done carefully without complications and the results are properly interpreted, lumbar puncture yields valuable information at a relatively low cost. Therefore, it is important to understand the dynamics and impact of disease on the CSF.

Chapter.  9910 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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