Chapter

Psychiatric Disorders

J. Hampton Atkinson, Nichole A. Duarte and Glenn J. Treisman

in The Neurology of AIDS

Third edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195399349
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195399349.003.0073
Psychiatric Disorders

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  • Disorders of the Nervous System
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This chapter reviews the epidemiology, clinical course, impact, and treatment of the most prevalent behavioral and psychiatric syndromes associated with HIV infection. These psychiatric conditions can broadly be classified either as primary, meaning the syndrome preceded the date of infection, or secondary, suggesting that the condition is directly or indirectly attributable to HIV itself, to cofactors associated with HIV infection, or to HIV treatments. The most prevalent primary disorders are mood disorders (major depression and bipolar disorder), alcohol and substance abuse (particularly abuse of injection drugs and stimulants), schizophrenia, and personality disorders. The most prevalent secondary conditions are mood syndromes (either depressive or manic) and deliria. Primary disorders may be associated with increased risk of infection, whereas both primary and secondary disorders may impact life-quality, functioning, medical compliance, and perhaps survival.

Chapter.  15964 words. 

Subjects: Disorders of the Nervous System ; Infectious Diseases

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