Chapter

The impact of HIV Subtype AND Cultural and Sociodemographic Factors on HIV-1 Infection and Associated Neuropathogenesis in Africa

Adelina Holguin, Damien C. Tully and Charles Wood

in The Neurology of AIDS

Third edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195399349
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199965199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780195399349.003.0079
The impact of HIV Subtype AND Cultural and Sociodemographic Factors on HIV-1 Infection and Associated Neuropathogenesis in Africa

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Although home to just over 10 percent of the world's population, sub-Saharan Africa recently accounted for 71 percent of the world's HIV infections. At roughly the same time, it was estimated that 22.4 million Africans were living with HIV, 1.9 million became newly infected with HIV, and an estimated 1.4 million AIDS-related deaths occurred in sub-Sahara Africa. This chapter discusses HIV-1 infection in Africa, with particular emphasis on three topics: diversity of viral subtype, African culture, and sociodemographic influences. These topics are explored both as they affect and are affected by the HIV-1 epidemic. Understanding these complex relationships is important for a variety of reasons, including policy, clinical care, and the construction of appropriate research protocols.

Chapter.  11733 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Disorders of the Nervous System ; Infectious Diseases

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