Chapter

Science

Bill (KWM) Fulford, Katherine Morris, John Z Sadler and Giovanni Stanghellini

in Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780198526377
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754357 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198526377.003.0003

Series: International Perspectives in Philosophy & Psychiatry

Science

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This chapter, as might be imagined in considering the science of classification, requires a substantial amount of background development. Let me begin by giving a broad overview of the chapter and what is to be accomplished. In the opening pages I try to place the general discipline of science within the general discipline of medicine. That is, I try to describe the relationship between medicine as a professional, service-oriented moral activity and science as a knowledge-seeking activity. In the second section, I provide a whirlwind tour of basic concepts in scientific classification. These concepts are important background material in understanding the peculiar nature of disease classification, and the perhaps even more peculiar nature of mental disorder classification. This discussion presents a range of concepts, both scientific and philosophical. Although there are a number of concepts to track and understand, most of this material will be revisited in one form or another later in the book. In the remainder of the chapter, I address the issue of classification of mental disorders from a critical perspective. This critical perspective has two overall aims. One is to highlight the value-differences between the DSMs and their critics; the second aim is to introduce the literature concerning the science of psychiatric classification. The tensions between science-related values and other value considerations in classification will be background for all the subsequent chapters.

Chapter.  39809 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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