Chapter

Moving a finger

Sean A Spence

in The actor's brain

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780198526667
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754364 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198526667.003.0002
Moving a finger

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter is concerned with understanding some of the structures and processes that support human beings’ freedom of movement, their volition, their voluntary behaviour. However, such are the controversies surrounding the nature and possibility of such ‘freedom’ that half of the words comprising my first sentence may have already invited closer, critical scrutiny. What do I mean by ‘structures’ and ‘processes’, and what is the nature of their ‘support’? Furthermore, what do I now mean by the word ‘freedom’? Haven't we just disposed of freedom, in the Prologue? I shall respond by proposing that in order to fully understand our condition, a condition which we shall tease apart over the ensuing chapters of this book, we need to start with some very basic anatomy (structures) and then consider local physiology (processes). If we can describe these adequately, then we shall have delineated the basis of what it is that is necessary (though not necessarily sufficient) for a human being to be ‘able’ to produce a voluntary act: a movement in the world that did not exist prior to that human subject's ‘choosing’ to perform it. Hence, I propose that structures and processes support such an action; they facilitate its emergence.

However, when it comes to ‘freedom’, I hope that the reader may bear with me for several chapters. For, only when we have dealt with what it is that is ‘necessary’ for ‘actions’ to be permissible shall we be in a position to consider whether freedom is at all defensible. Thankfully, that challenge is still some way off!

Chapter.  16953 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychiatry

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.