Treatment outcome of childhood disorders: the perspective of social cognition

Peter Fonagy and Carla Sharp

in Social Cognition and Developmental Psychopathology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780198569183
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754432 | DOI:

Series: International Perspectives in Philosophy & Psychiatry

Treatment outcome of childhood disorders: the perspective of social cognition

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In this chapter we have reviewed the social cognitive models described in preceding chapters and taken on the ambitious task of delineating a taxonomy of social cognition by which models can be classed, while concurrently reviewing the treatment outcome literature associated with each approach to social cognition. We have delineated five classes of social cognition that map onto aetiological models of childhood disorders: (1) lacking the ability to represent other minds, such as the case of autism-spectrum disorders or psychopathy; (2) over-activation and distorted use of social cognition (schizophrenia); (3) context-specific facilitation and inhibition of social cognition in the case of, for example, borderline personality disorder and victims of maltreatment; (4) reality-distorting dysfunctional mentalization processes as found in depression, anxiety, and conduct problems; (5) mentalization or social cognition as a protective factor as suggested for disruptive behaviour disorders in preschoolers.

Chapter.  25571 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychiatry

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