Chapter

Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections of the liver

R. Mark Beattie, Anil Dhawan and John W.L. Puntis

in Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780198569862
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725968 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198569862.003.0059

Series: Oxford Specialist Handbooks

Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections of the liver

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Bacterial sepsis 428

Spirochaetal infections 431

Rickettsial infections 432

Fungal infections 432

Parasitic infections 434

Granulomatous hepatitis 437

Infectious agents can affect the liver either via direct invasion or by release of toxins. The liver's dual blood supply renders it uniquely susceptible to infection, receiving blood from the intestinal tract via the hepatic portal system, and from the systemic circulation via the hepatic artery. Because of this unique perfusion, the liver is frequently exposed to systemic or intestinal infections or the mediators of toxaemia. The biliary tree provides a further conduit for gut bacteria or parasites to access the liver parenchyma....

Chapter.  2346 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gastroenterology ; Paediatrics

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