Chapter

Risk for suicidal behaviour in personality disorders

Barbara Stanley and Jennifer Jones

in Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198570059
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199640461 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0039

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Risk for suicidal behaviour in personality disorders

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While borderline personality disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are the only two disorders in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders IV that list suicidal behaviour as a criterion, studies have shown that other personality disorders also increase one’s risk for suicide. Among Axis II personality disorders, suicide has also been found to be associated with antisocial personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder, and there is a possibility that schizoid personality disorder increases the risk for suicide (Duberstein and Conwell 1997). Moreover, stressful life events, such as those involving interpersonal distress and loss, confer a significant risk for those with personality disorders, possibly due to poor coping strategies. Reliable instruments with good psychometric properties need to be established that are sensitive to detecting Axis II personality disorders. This chapter reviews the literature on suicidal behaviours in personality disorders.

Chapter.  5339 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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