Chapter

Measurement of suicidal behaviour with psychometric scales

Per Bech and Suichi Awata

in Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198570059
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199640461 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0041

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Measurement of suicidal behaviour with psychometric scales

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Among the many psychometric scales for assessing suicidal risk and behaviour, only short scales with high clinical validity have been selected. According to clinical focus, the scales have been classified into those including ‘fixed’ items outside the suicidal process (predictive factors) and ‘flexible’ items measuring the severity of the current suicidal state.

The SAD PERSONS scale supplemented by the NO HOPE scale are among the valid predictive scales, and the item of suicide severity in the Hamilton Depression Scale or the Paykel Suicidal Ladder are among the valid measurements of current suicidal severity.

The subjective dimension of suicidal thoughts has been especially contrasted against the dimensions of positive psychological well-being as measured by WHO-5. Such short questionnaires have been found important in modern Internet communication, especially with young people. The individual, idiographic approach has also been discussed by selecting individual items from the Reasons for Living Inventory.

Chapter.  6926 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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