Chapter

Pharmacological and other biological treatments of suicidal individuals

Hans-Jurgen Möller

in Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198570059
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199640461 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0054

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Pharmacological and other biological treatments of suicidal individuals

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Due to the role of depressive disorders, as the most frequent cause of suicidal behaviour, antidepressants have the most prominent place in psychopharmacological prevention of suicidal behaviour. Based on clinical experience, antidepressants reduce suicidality in association with the reduction of depressive symptoms, and it is assumed that suicidal behaviour is also reduced as a consequence. However, based on the results of empirical studies, the evidence is not as clear as clinicians like to believe, which might, in part, be due to methodological problems. Other pharmacological and biological treatment methods with lithium, neuroleptics, benzodiazepines, anti-epileptics and ECT are described as well.

Chapter.  9584 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychiatry

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