Chapter

Suicide prevention in Singapore

Chia Boon Hock

in Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198570059
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199640461 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0111

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Suicide prevention in Singapore

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Singapore is a small island nation (pop: 3.3 million), which is centrally located in South East Asia. The resident population comprises a mixture of cultures including Chinese (77 per cent), Malay (14 per cent) and Indian (8 per cent). Over the last decades, suicide rates in Singapore have fluctuated between 8–10/100,000 populations per year (Chia and Chia 2008). Between 2000 and 2004, suicide accounted for 2.2 per cent of all deaths. These rates were highest in those aged >65 years (29.9/100,000); amongst ethnic Chinese (13.5/100,000), followed by ethnic Indians (13.2/100,000) and ethnic Malays (2.8/100,000). The male:female ratio of completed suicide was 1.5:1. The most common mode of suicide was by jumping from high-rise buildings, with 23 per cent having attempted suicide before. In 55 per cent of the cases, the victims had provided warnings that they were contemplating suicide.

Chapter.  1146 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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