Chapter

Assessment and management of falls

Rob Morris and Mohana P. Maddula

in Osteoporosis

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2014 | ISBN: 9780198713340
Published online October 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191781780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198713340.003.0020

Series: Oxford Medical Handbooks

Assessment and management of falls

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• Falls are common among older people and are the cause of considerable morbidity, mortality, and burden to health and social care resources. • Falls are the result of a complex and dynamic interaction of multiple risk factors that individually threaten postural stability. • The strongest risk factor domains predicting the likelihood of future falls include: a previous fall, age, abnormalities of gait and balance, visual and cognitive impairment. • The assessment of older people at risk of falling relies upon comprehensive, multidisciplinary assessment to identify the component risk factors within individuals. • Successful strategies to reduce falls focus on individually tailored interventions targeting modifiable risk factors. The most effective schemes include a progressive and challenging exercise programme to improve both strength and balance.

Chapter.  3838 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Rheumatology ; Clinical Skills

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