Chapter

Intracranial abscesses

T P Lawrence and R S C Kerr

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.0241103

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Intracranial abscesses

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The incidence of intracranial abscess is low in countries where antimicrobial treatment for infections is widespread (e.g. 2–3 per million in the United Kingdom), but they remain frequent causes of space-occupying masses in developing countries.

Aetiology—abscesses may be classified by (1) Route of transmission, including (a) direct—from a local source of infection, e.g. otitis media; (b) haematogenous—from a distant source, e.g. endocarditis, bronchiectasis, other septic lung conditions; or (c) following cranial surgery or fracture. (2) Microbiology—the commonest organisms are aerobic, anaerobic and micro-aerophilic streptococci, ...

Chapter.  2151 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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