Chapter

The eye in general medicine

Peggy Frith

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.02501

Series: Oxford Textbooks

The eye in general medicine

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All physicians should be aware of important eye symptoms, learn how to examine the eye, and in particular be proficient with the ophthalmoscope. Common presentations include (1) red eye—may be due to conjunctivitis, episcleritis, scleritis, iritis, keratitis, or acute glaucoma, some of which require urgent specialist opinion; (2) dry eye—which may have a systemic cause, particularly if accompanied by dryness of the mouth (sicca syndrome), e.g. Sjögren’s syndrome; (3) loss of vision—which, when it affects one eye, is associated with a relative afferent pupillary defect and can be caused by central retinal artery occlusion, ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion, ischaemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis, extensive retinal detachment, advanced unilateral glaucoma, and optic nerve compression....

Chapter.  14699 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ophthalmology

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