Chapter

Nipah and Hendra virus encephalitides

C.T. Tan

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070507_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Nipah and Hendra virus encephalitides

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Nipah and Hendra are two related viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family that have their reservoir in large Pteropus fruit bats. Human disease manifests most often as acute encephalitis, which may be late-onset or relapsing, or pneumonia, with high mortality. Transmission from bats to human includes direct spread from consumption of food contaminated by infected bats’ secretions, and contact with infected animals: human-to-human spread can also occur....

Chapter.  1540 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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