<i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i>

D. Barlow, Jackie Sherrard and C. Ison

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

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  • Medical Microbiology and Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a Gram-negative, intracellular diplococcus that primarily colonizes the columnar epithelium of lower genital tract, only occasionally spreading to the upper genital tract or causing systemic disease. It is almost exclusively transmitted by sexual activity.

Clinical features—(1) Oropharyngeal and rectal infections usually produce no symptoms; (2) men—dysuria (50%) and urethral discharge (98%) develop after a median of more than 5 days; complications, e.g. epididymitis, orchitis, are rare; (3) women—there are no specific symptoms in the absence of complications, e.g. salpingitis, bartholinitis; (4) disseminated gonococcal infection—a comparatively benign bacteraemia affecting joints (particularly shoulder and knee) and skin; more common in women than men....

Chapter.  4173 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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