Chapter

Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers

C.M. Parry and Buddha Basnyat

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070608_update_002

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers

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Typhoid and paratyphoid fever (the enteric fevers) are caused by specific serovars of the Gram-negative bacillus, Salmonella enterica. Sources of typhoid transmission are excreting chronic or convalescent carriers and the acutely infected, with transmission occuring through contamination by carriers of food or water by effluents containing infected urine or faeces. There are an estimated 27 million cases of enteric fever in the world each year, almost all in the developing world, with about 200 000 deaths....

Chapter.  5272 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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