Anaerobic bacteria

Anilrudh A. Venugopal and David W. Hecht

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Anaerobic bacteria

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  • Medical Microbiology and Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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Anaerobic bacteria will not grow when incubated with 10% CO2 in room air, but vary in their tolerance of different levels of oxygen. They are important commensal flora of the skin and oral, intestinal, and pelvic mucosae, and are classified according to their Gram staining characteristics and ability to produce spores: (1) Gram positive—cocci, non-spore-forming bacilli, and spore-forming bacilli (notably clostridium); (2) Gram negative—cocci and bacilli. Many anaerobic bacteria possess virulence factors that facilitate their pathogenicity, e.g. histiolytic enzymes and various toxins....

Chapter.  4734 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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