Chapter

Bordetella infection

Cameron Grant

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070614_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Bordetella infection

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Medical Microbiology and Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Bordetella are small Gram-negative coccobacilli, of which Bordetella pertussis is the most important human pathogen. It is the cause of whooping cough, which is one of the 10 leading causes of childhood death. Transmission of this highly infectious organism is primarily by aerosolized droplets.

Clinical features—presentation varies with age, immunization and previous infection: (1) infants—apnoea, cyanosis, and paroxysmal cough; (2) nonimmunized children—cough, increasing in severity with distressing, repeated, forceful expirations followed by a gasping inhalation (the ‘whoop’); (3) children immunized in infancy—whooping, vomiting, sputum production; (4) adults—cough, post-tussive vomiting. Atypical mild illness is common. Complications include pneumonia, pulmonary hypertension, seizures and encephalopathy. Most deaths occur in those less than 2 months old....

Chapter.  2690 words. 

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.