Chapter

Legionellosis and legionnaires’ disease

J.T. Macfarlane and T.C. Boswell

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070638_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Legionellosis and legionnaires’ disease

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Legionellaceae are Gram-negative bacilli, of which Legionella pneumophila is the principal cause of human infections. Their natural habitats are freshwater streams, lakes, thermal springs, moist soil and mud, but the principal source for large outbreaks of legionellosis is cooling systems used for air conditioning and other cooling equipment, with infection transmitted by contaminated water aerosols. Middle-aged men, smokers, regular alcohol drinkers, and those with comorbidity are most at risk....

Chapter.  3168 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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