Chapter

<i>Cryptosporidium</i> and cryptosporidiosis

S.M. Cacciò

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070805_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis

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Cryptosporidia are small coccidian parasites that infect the mucosal epithelia of a variety of vertebrate hosts, including humans, affecting the health, survival, and economic development of millions of people and animals worldwide. Human infection is mainly caused by two species: (1) Cryptosporidium parvum—also prevalent in young livestock; can be transmitted from animals to humans (zoonotic transmission, particularly important in children), from person to person (‘urban’ cycle, due to faecal–oral spread), through contamination of public drinking-water supplies (which can produce massive outbreaks) or food (prepared by a sick food handler), and nosocomially. (2) ...

Chapter.  5107 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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