Chapter

Sarcocystosis (sarcosporidiosis)

John E. Cooper

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070807_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Sarcocystosis (sarcosporidiosis)

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Sarcocystosis is characterized by the invasion of muscles and sometimes other tissues by protozoa of the genus Sarcocystis, of which S. hominis (intermediate host domestic cattle) and S. suihominis (domestic pig) are the most significant to humans, to whom they are transmitted by ingestion of uncooked beef or pork. Humans serve as either intermediate or final host: (1) intermediate host—presence of cysts in muscle is usually asymptomatic, but may cause myositis or myopathy; detected on clinical examination or muscle biopsy; (2) final host—may be asymptomatic or cause fever and gastrointestinal upset; oocysts or sporocysts can be detected in faeces. There is no specific treatment. Prevention is by not eating uncooked meat from any animal....

Chapter.  1171 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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