Chapter

Strongyloidiasis, hookworm, and other gut strongyloid nematodes

Michael Brown

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070904_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Strongyloidiasis, hookworm, and other gut strongyloid nematodes

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Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworms are common soil-transmitted nematodes in tropical and subtropical regions. After the organisms penetrate exposed skin, most infections are asymptomatic, but heavy infections can result in significant morbidity.

The roundworm S. stercoralis infects an estimated 30 million to 100 million people. Clinical manifestations include: (1) skin—often the only clinical manifestation, commonly in the form of larva currens, a serpiginous, pruritic, erythematous eruption at the site of migrating larvae; (2) lungs—cough and tracheal irritation; less commonly wheeze; patchy infiltrates on chest radiography with eosinophilia; (3) intestinal—epigastric pain and diarrhoea; (4) ...

Chapter.  4135 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Infectious Diseases

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