Chapter

Hypoglycaemia

Vincent Marks

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.131102_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Hypoglycaemia

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Hypoglycaemia is defined as a blood glucose concentration below 3.0 mmol/litre, which is clinically important because of its effect on brain function. Much the commonest cause is excessive (in relation to intake of food and drink) administration of insulin or sulphonylurea drugs to patients known to have diabetes, but there are many rarer causes including insulinoma, toxins (alcohol), organ failure (hepatic), endocrine diseases (adrenal insufficiency, pituitary insufficiency), non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia, autoimmune insulin syndrome, factitious or felonious administration of insulin/sulphonylureas, and infections (malaria)....

Chapter.  7373 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Medicine

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