Chapter

Pulmonary complications of HIV infection

Mark J. Rosen

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.180404

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Pulmonary complications of HIV infection

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The lung is a frequent site of opportunistic infection in patients with HIV infection, and noninfectious pulmonary disorders associated with HIV infection and antiretroviral treatments are increasingly common. The severity of immunocompromise, with CD4+ lymphocyte count the most reliable surrogate, is the primary determinant of the risk of developing specific pulmonary disorders: early in the course of HIV these are similar to those seen in the general population; opportunistic infections occur with severe immunodeficiency, but with frequency reduced by prophylaxis....

Chapter.  5249 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology

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