Chapter

Structure and function: joints and connective tissue

Tim E. Cawston

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1901

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Structure and function: joints and connective tissue

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The joint is a discrete unit that consists of cartilage, bone, tendon, and ligaments. Tendon consists of a matrix mainly made of collagen; bone consists of a mineralized collagen matrix; and cartilage is made up of collagens, proteoglycans, and specialized glycoproteins. Many studies have focused on single tissues of the joint, rather than regarding the joint as an organ made up of cartilage, bone, tendon, and muscle: future studies would benefit from an integrated approach....

Chapter.  4973 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Rheumatology

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