Chapter

Pyogenic arthritis

Anthony R. Berendt

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1907

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Pyogenic arthritis

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Acute pyogenic arthritis may be primary (by haematogenous spread) or secondary (to trauma, surgery, or arthrocentesis). Organisms that cause primary septic arthritis are usually aggressive pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus (most commonly), streptococci, salmonella species (especially in African children) and Gram-negative organisms (neonates and older people). The causes of secondary and chronic septic arthritis are more diverse, including lower-grade pathogens from skin, mycobacteria, and fungi....

Chapter.  3456 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Rheumatology

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