Clinical presentation of renal disease

Richard E Fielding and Ken Farrington

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Clinical presentation of renal disease

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Renal disease may present in many ways, including: (1) the screening of asymptomatic individuals; (2) with symptoms and signs resulting from renal dysfunction; and (3) with symptoms and signs of an underlying disease, often systemic, which has resulted in renal dysfunction.

History and clinical signs—in many cases these are nonspecific or not apparent, and detection of renal disease relies on a combination of clinical suspicion and simple investigations, including urinalysis (by dipstick for proteinuria and haematuria, with quantification of proteinuria most conveniently performed by estimation of the albumin:creatinine ratio, ACR, or protein:creatinine ratio, PCR) and estimation of renal function (by measurement of serum creatinine, expressed as estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR)....

Chapter.  12284 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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