Chapter

Acute kidney injury

J Firth

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.2105_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Acute kidney injury

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Definition—for practical clinical purposes, acute kidney injury is defined as a significant decline in renal excretory function occurring over hours or days. This is usually detected by a rise in the serum concentration of creatinine. Oliguria—defined (arbitrarily) as a urinary volume of less than 400 ml/day—is usually present, but not always. More precise definitions, such as those of the Risk Injury Failure Loss and Endstage kidney disease (RIFLE) classification, or the modification of this definition as proposed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN), are required for epidemiological or trial purposes....

Chapter.  16967 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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