Chapter

Erythrocyte enzymopathies

Ernest Beutler

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.220511

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Erythrocyte enzymopathies

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Numerous enzymes, including those of the hexose monophosphate pathway and glycolysis, are active in the red cell. They are required for the generation of ATP (needed to supply energy for sodium extrusion) and the reductants NADH and NADPH, necessary to maintain haemoglobin in its active ferrous atomic state, as well as for the integrity of sulphydryl groups present on essential proteins. 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG), an intermediate of ...

Chapter.  3911 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Haematology

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