Disorders of platelet number and function

Kathryn E. Webert and John G. Kelton

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Disorders of platelet number and function

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Platelets are released from megakaryocytes in the bone marrow and circulate for 5 to 10 days before being cleared by the cells of the reticuloendothelial system. They play a critical role in haemostasis, with key features being (1) adhesion—when the wall of a blood vessel is damaged, platelets adhere to exposed collagen and other components of the subendothelium via the glycoprotein Ib receptor and other adhesive receptors; followed by (2) activation—release of thrombin, adenosine diphosphate, and arachidonic acid, which is converted by a cascade of enzymes into platelet activating agents including thromboxane A...

Chapter.  9219 words. 

Subjects: Haematology

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