Chapter

Eye movements and balance

Michael Strupp and Thomas Brandt

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.240602_update_001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Eye movements and balance

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The major function of eye movements is to keep the image of the visual surroundings stable on the retina, even during eye movements or head and body movements. This is achieved by (1) conjugate eye movements (both eyeballs move in parallel)—gaze-holding, smooth pursuit, saccades, vestibulo-ocular nystagmus (VOR), and optokinetic nystagmus; and (2) disconjugate eye movements—convergence and divergence....

Chapter.  6095 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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