Disorders of the neuromuscular junction

David Hilton-Jones and Jacqueline Palace

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199204854
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199570973 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Disorders of the neuromuscular junction

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Two fundamentally different pathological processes are associated with disease at the neuromuscular junction: (1) acquired disorders in which autoantibodies are directed against nerve or muscle receptor or ion channels; (2) rare inherited conditions in which the defect may be pre- or postsynaptic.

Aetiology and epidemiology—the fundamental disorder is loss of functional acetylcholine receptors most frequently as a result of binding of anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR) antibodies. Incidence is about 10 per million population and prevalence about 8 per 100 000, with a marked female bias in cases aged under 40 years and male preponderance in those over 50 years. Thymomas occur in about 10% of cases....

Chapter.  6387 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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